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Warmer ocean, warmer winter Eurasian climate

EurekAlert! - Lun, 08/13/2018 - 22:00
Studies on the contribution of global oceanic warming to winter Eurasian climate change show that there are warmer winters in Europe and the northern part of East Asia.

Flipping the switch on supramolecular electronics

EurekAlert! - Lun, 08/13/2018 - 22:00
Graphene Flagship Partners successfully combined photoswitchable molecular lattices with layered materials to create new high-performance devices that show macroscopic responses to light.

Apathy towards poachers widespread in world's marine protected areas

EurekAlert! - Lun, 08/13/2018 - 22:00
A new study has found that nearly half of fishers from seven countries had witnessed someone poaching in marine protected areas in the past year and most of them did nothing about it.

Scientists propose a new lead for Alzheimer's research

EurekAlert! - Lun, 08/13/2018 - 22:00
A University of Adelaide-led team of scientists has suggested a potential link between iron in our cells and the rare gene mutations that cause Alzheimer's disease, which could provide new avenues for future research.

Audience members influence value creation in the TV audience market

EurekAlert! - Lun, 08/13/2018 - 22:00
Recently an article was published in the International Journal of Digital Television, which examined the changing relationship between traditional TV providers and their audiences. Senior Research Fellow Ulrike Rohn (Tallinn University) and Docent Mats Nylund (Arcada University of Applied Sciences) say that the notion of sharing, which is most prominent in the current buzzword of the 'sharing economy' may be applied for understanding current trends in TV markets.

Johns Hopkins experts create opioid prescribing guidelines for 20 common surgical procedures

EurekAlert! - Lun, 08/13/2018 - 22:00
A Johns Hopkins expert panel of health care providers and patients have announced what is, to their knowledge, the nation's first set of operation-specific opioid prescribing guidelines.

Eight and nine-year-olds experience poor body image as hormone levels rise

EurekAlert! - Lun, 08/13/2018 - 22:00
Children as young as eight are vulnerable to poor body image as hormone levels rise with the onset of puberty, a new study has found. The study based on data from more than 1,100 eight- to nine-year-olds indicates a need for strategies in schools and at home to help children maintain a positive body image prior to the onset of puberty.

Can radar replace stethoscopes?

EurekAlert! - Lun, 08/13/2018 - 22:00
In conjunction with researchers at Brandenburg University of Technology (BTU) in Cottbus and the Department of Palliative Medicine at Universitätsklinikum Erlangen, electronic engineers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a procedure for reliably detecting and diagnosing heart sounds using radar. In future, mobile radar devices could replace conventional stethoscopes and permanent touch-free monitoring of patients' vital functions could be possible using stationary radar devices.

Trees and climate change: Faster growth, lighter wood

EurekAlert! - Lun, 08/13/2018 - 22:00
Trees are growing more rapidly due to climate change. This sounds like good news. After all, this means that trees are storing more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere in their wood and hence taking away the key ingredient in global warming. But is it that simple? A team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) analyzed wood samples from the oldest existing experimental areas spanning a period of 150 years -- and reached a surprising conclusion.

2018-2022 expected to be abnormally hot years

EurekAlert! - Lun, 08/13/2018 - 22:00
This summer's worldwide heatwave makes 2018 a particularly hot year. As will be the next few years, according to a study led by Florian Sévellec, researcher at CNRS and at the University of Southampton, and published in the Aug. 14, 2018, edition of Nature Communications. Using a new method, the study shows that at the global level, 2018-2022 may be an even hotter period than expected based on current global warming.

Medically underserved women in the Southeast rarely receive BRCA tests

EurekAlert! - Lun, 08/13/2018 - 22:00
Medically underserved women in the Southeast diagnosed with breast cancer or ovarian cancer missed out on genetic testing that could have helped them and their relatives make important decisions about their health, according to new research from Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center.

Poor sleep triggers viral loneliness and social rejection

EurekAlert! - Lun, 08/13/2018 - 22:00
In a study of sleep-deprived versus well-rested individuals, UC Berkeley researchers found that the brains of those lacking sufficient sleep exhibited heightened activity in areas that deal with perceived human threats and a shutdown of areas that encourage social interaction. People shown videos of sleep-deprived individuals felt more alienated, suggesting that antisocial feelings are contagious. This is the first study to show a two-way relationship between sleep loss and becoming socially isolated.

Traumatic brain injury may be associated with increased risk of suicide

EurekAlert! - Lun, 08/13/2018 - 22:00
An increased risk of suicide was associated with those residents of Denmark who sought medical attention for traumatic brain injury (TBI) compared with the general population without TBI in a study that used data from Danish national registers. A history of TBI has been associated with higher rates of self-harm, suicide and death than the general population.

Chemicals found in vegetables prevent colon cancer in mice

EurekAlert! - Lun, 08/13/2018 - 22:00
Chemicals produced by vegetables such as kale, cabbage and broccoli could help to maintain a healthy gut and prevent colon cancer, a new study from the Francis Crick Institute shows.

Can combining low doses of 3 high blood pressure medications into one pill improve blood pressure control?

EurekAlert! - Lun, 08/13/2018 - 22:00
Poorly controlled high blood pressure is a leading global public health problem requiring new treatment strategies. In most instances, inadequate blood pressure treatment can be mainly attributed to use of one medication, which has modest effectiveness.

Innovative triple pill significantly lowers blood pressure, study finds

EurekAlert! - Lun, 08/13/2018 - 22:00
A new low dose three in one pill to treat hypertension could transform the way high blood pressure is treated around the world.

Researchers artificially generate immune cells integral to creating cancer vaccines

EurekAlert! - Lun, 08/13/2018 - 22:00
For the first time, Mount Sinai researchers have identified a way to make large numbers of immune cells that can help prevent cancer reoccurrence, according to a study published in August in Cell Reports.

Large collection of brain cancer data now easily, freely accessible to global researchers

EurekAlert! - Lun, 08/13/2018 - 22:00
A valuable cache of brain cancer biomedical data, one of only two such large collections in the country, has been made freely available worldwide by researchers at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Zombie gene protects against cancer -- in elephants

EurekAlert! - Lun, 08/13/2018 - 22:00
LIF6, a dead gene that came back to life, prevents cancer by killing cells with DNA damage.

Elephants resist cancer by waking a zombie gene

EurekAlert! - Lun, 08/13/2018 - 22:00
Elephants have evolved a way to make LIF6 (a non-functioning, or dead, gene in mammals) come back to life, and it's what makes the largest living land mammals nearly immune to cancer. In response to DNA damage, such as that caused by ultraviolet rays, the elephant version of the tumor-suppressing protein p53 prompts 'zombie' LIF6 to efficiently kill cells poised to become cancerous. The research publishes Aug. 14 in the journal Cell Reports.

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