NASA Ppotects its super heroes from space weather

EurekAlert! - Mié, 08/16/2017 - 22:00
When astronauts travel in space they can't see or even feel radiation. However, NASA's Human Research Program (HRP) is studying the effects radiation plays on the human body and developing ways to monitor and protect against this silent hazard.

Outdoor light at night linked with increased breast cancer risk in women

EurekAlert! - Mié, 08/16/2017 - 22:00
Women who live in areas with higher levels of outdoor light at night may be at higher risk for breast cancer than those living in areas with lower levels, according to a large long-term study from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. The link was stronger among women who worked night shifts.

Families bear most of the costs related to dementia care

EurekAlert! - Mié, 08/16/2017 - 22:00
A new study on the lifetime cost of dementia indicates that families of people living with the disease incur the largest financial burden.

Simulation shows the high cost of dementia, especially for families

EurekAlert! - Mié, 08/16/2017 - 22:00
A new simulation of the dementia epidemic estimates the economic impact the disease has on households and public insurance programs and provides a tool for projecting the impact that different interventions could have.

Cloudy water linked to gastrointestinal illnesses

EurekAlert! - Mié, 08/16/2017 - 22:00
A review of studies from both North America and Europe found links between acute gastrointestinal illness, which typically includes diarrhea and vomiting, and cloudy drinking water.

Energy dense foods may increase cancer risk regardless of obesity status

EurekAlert! - Mié, 08/16/2017 - 22:00
While there is a proven link between obesity and certain types of cancer, less is known about how the ratio of energy to food weight, otherwise known as dietary energy density (DED), contributes to cancer risk. To find out, researchers looked at DED in the diets of post-menopausal women and discovered that consuming high DED foods was tied to a 10 percent increase in obesity-related cancer among normal weight women.

Opioid emergency, climate language and a frozen fruit cake

Nature News - Mié, 08/16/2017 - 11:14

The week in science: 11–17 August 2017.

Nature 548 264 doi: 10.1038/548264a

California scientists push to create massive climate-research programme

Nature News - Mié, 08/16/2017 - 11:14

Effort backed by the state’s flagship universities comes as US President Donald Trump shrugs off global warming.

Nature 548 267 doi: 10.1038/548267a

Mysteries of Sun’s corona on view during upcoming eclipse

Nature News - Mié, 08/16/2017 - 11:14

From ground, sky and space, researchers are ready to test latest technologies on the Great American Eclipse.

Nature 548 146 doi: 10.1038/548146a

Coherent neutrino scattering seen with compact detector - Mié, 08/16/2017 - 08:59
Small detector could lead beyond the Standard Model

China’s embrace of embryo selection raises thorny questions

Nature News - Mié, 08/16/2017 - 05:09

Fertility centres are making a massive push to increase preimplantation genetic diagnosis in a bid to eradicate certain diseases.

Nature 548 272 doi: 10.1038/548272a

Telling people not to 'down' drinks could make them drink more

EurekAlert! - Mar, 08/15/2017 - 22:00
Campaigns designed to stop young people 'bolting' drinks can be ineffective and can even make them more likely to do it, new research suggests.

Children who skip breakfast may not be getting recommended nutrients

EurekAlert! - Mar, 08/15/2017 - 22:00
A study by researchers at King's College London has found that children who skip breakfast regularly may not be consuming the daily amounts of key nutrients for growth and development that are recommended by the UK government.

In a nutshell: Walnuts activate brain region involved in appetite control

EurekAlert! - Mar, 08/15/2017 - 22:00
Double-blind test bolsters observational data that walnuts promote feelings of fullness. Results provide a quantitative measure for testing other compounds' ability to control appetite, including potential medications for the treatment of obesity.

VA targets healthcare equity for all veterans -- new research on reducing health disparities presented in Medical Care

EurekAlert! - Mar, 08/15/2017 - 22:00
In recent years, the Veterans Administration (VA) Healthcare System has expanded its efforts to target groups of veterans facing disparities in healthcare access and outcomes. An update on research toward advancing equitable healthcare for all veterans is presented in a September supplement to Medical Care, published by Wolters Kluwer.

Fizzy soda water could be key to clean manufacture of flat wonder material: Graphene

EurekAlert! - Mar, 08/15/2017 - 22:00
As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced 'wonder' material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind, the research group of SungWoo Nam, assistant professor of mechanical science and engineering at Illinois, has developed a cleaner and more environmentally friendly method to isolate graphene using carbon dioxide (CO2) in the form of carbonic acid as the electrolyte solution.

Subarachnoid hemorrhage and the need for expert treatment

EurekAlert! - Mar, 08/15/2017 - 22:00
Research led by the head of the Barrow Neurological Institute and published in the July 20, 2017 issue of The New England Journal of Medicine reveals that subarachnoid hemorrhages, which are caused by ruptured brain aneurysms, account for 5-10 percent of all strokes and are best managed by experienced and dedicated experts at high-volume centers with neurosurgeons, endovascular surgeons and stroke neurologists.

Deafness in farmed salmon linked to accelerated growth

EurekAlert! - Mar, 08/15/2017 - 22:00
Half of the world's farmed salmon are part deaf due to accelerated growth rates in aquaculture, new research has found. The results now offer a better understanding of the effects of a common inner ear deformity, and some specific actions to tackle this welfare issue.

Poll: Senate ACA replacement bill failure related to divisions among Republicans and parties

EurekAlert! - Mar, 08/15/2017 - 22:00
A new analysis of 27 national public opinion polls by 12 survey organizations finds the failure of the recent US Senate debate over proposals to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA) relates to deep divisions among Republicans, and between Republicans and Democrats, on the future of the ACA. The analysis suggests the debate outcome was influenced by a substantial growth in public support for the principle that the federal government should ensure that all Americans have health insurance coverage.

Telemedicine as effective as in-person care for Parkinson's disease

EurekAlert! - Mar, 08/15/2017 - 22:00
New findings from a nationwide program that links neurologists with patients with Parkinson's disease in their homes via video conferencing shows that telemedicine can successfully deliver quality care. The study, which appears today in the journal Neurology, points to a new way to improve care for people who suffer from the disease, but may have not have access to a neurologist.


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